Skincare refers to the practices and products used to take care of the skin on your face, body and hands. It includes cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing and protecting the skin from sun damage.
Cleansing is an important part of skincare that helps to remove dirt, oils and bacteria from the skin. This can be done with a gentle cleanser or soap, which should be applied in circular motions and gently rinsed off with lukewarm water. Cleansing also prepares the skin for other treatments like exfoliation and moisturizing.
Exfoliating helps to remove dead cells from the surface of your skin, allowing new, healthier looking cells to shine through. There are many different types of exfoliants available on the market including scrubs made with natural ingredients like sugar and coffee grounds as well as chemical peels using alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). Exfoliating should only be done once or twice a week at most because over-exfoliation can cause irritation and inflammation.
Moisturizing prevents dryness by locking moisture into your skin while protecting it from environmental damage such as sun exposure or extreme temperatures. A good moisturizer should contain both humectants which attract moisture and occlusives which seal moisture in so that it doesnt evaporate quickly. Humectants include glycerin, hyaluronic acid, propylene glycol while occlusives include beeswax, shea butter and petrolatum jelly among others. Depending on your needs some products may require reapplication throughout the day especially if you have particularly dry skin but generally speaking applying once daily after cleansing is sufficient enough for normal to combination skins types.
Finally SPF protection is essential all year round not just during summer months when UV radiation levels are highest; Sunscreen lotions help protect against UVA/UVB rays while facial creams containing SPF provide extra antioxidant defence against premature ageing caused by environmental stressors such as air pollution . Sunscreen products come in physical blockers (zinc oxide & titanium dioxide) or chemical ones (Octylcrylene , Oxybenzone etc.) depending on your preference though physical blockers tend to leave behind less residue therefore making them more suitable for those with oily complexions whereas chemical blockers offer better coverage overall regardless of complexion type .
Cleansing helps to remove dirt, oils and bacteria from the skin.
Exfoliating removes dead cells from the surface of your skin for a healthier looking complexion.
Moisturizing locks moisture into your skin while protecting it from environmental damage like sun exposure or extreme temperatures.
Sunscreen lotions help protect against UVA/UVB rays while facial creams containing SPF provide antioxidant defence against premature ageing caused by environmental stressors.